Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Swazi Lilangeni
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Eswatini, officially the Kingdom of Eswatini, is a landlocked country in Southern Africa. It is also written in English as eSwatini, and was formerly and is still widely known in English as Swaziland. It is bordered to the northeast by Mozambique and to the north, west, and south by South Africa. Eswatini is one of Africa's smallest nations, measuring just 200 kilometers north to south and 130 kilometers east to west; however, its climate and topography are varied, ranging from a cool and mountainous highveld to a hot and dry lowveld. Swazis make up the majority of the population. Swazi is the most widely spoken language. The Swazis established their kingdom in the mid-eighteenth century under the leadership of Ngwane III; the nation and the Swazi get their names from Mswati II, a 19th-century king under whose rule Swazi territory was extended and unified; the current borders were drawn up in 1881 during the Scramble for Africa. Following the Second Boer War, the kingdom became a British protectorate, known as Swaziland, from 1903 until it regained independence on September 6, 1968. The official name of the country was changed from Kingdom of Swaziland to Kingdom of Eswatini in April 2018, to reflect the Swazi name. King Mswati III has ruled the country since 1986. Every five years, elections are held to decide the House of Assembly and Senate majority. In 2005, the new constitution was ratified. The nation's most significant activities are the umhlanga reed dance in August/September and the incwala kingship dance in December/January. Eswatini is a developing country with a lower-middle income economy. Eswatini's main local trading partner is South Africa, which is a member of the Southern African Customs Union and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa. To ensure economic stability, Eswatini's currency, the lilangeni, is pegged to the South African rand. The United States and the European Union are Eswatini's most significant trade partners abroad. The agricultural and manufacturing sectors provide the bulk of the country's employment. The Southern African Development Community, the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations are all members of Eswatini. The Swazi people face serious health problems, including HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis. 26% of the adult population is HIV-positive, according to estimates. Eswatini has the world's 12th-lowest life expectancy, at 58 years, as of 2018. Eswatini's population is young, with a median age of 20.5 years and people aged 14 and under accounting for 37.5% of the total population. The current rate of population growth is 1.2%.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Public holidays

Sick days

Maternity leave

Paternity leave

Parental leave

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Both the employer and the employee have the right to end an employment arrangement with notice.

Notice period

Depending on the employee's duration of service, the notice period ranges from one week to one month. During the probation period, no notice is required.

Severance pay

Severance compensation is equal to ten working days' pay for each year of employment after the first year.

Probation period

Probationary periods of up to three months are permitted. Employees engaged to perform supervisory technical or confidential work may have a longer probationary period, but it must be agreed to in writing.

07. Working hours


The standard work week consists of eight hours per day and forty-eight hours per week, spread over six days. Individual employment contracts and collective bargaining agreements, on the other hand, may specify different work hours and days.


Overtime is permitted and is typically compensated at 150% of the employee's regular rate.

08. Minimum wage


The monthly minimum wage in Swaziland is 531.6 Swazi emalangeni for a domestic worker, 420 emalangeni for an unskilled worker, and 600 emalangeni for a skilled worker. The minimum wage in Swaziland was last changed in 2011.

09. Employee benefits


Swaziland has both public and private healthcare systems. 80% of the population seeks medical attention from traditional healers.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

Ready to get started? Our friendly staff is ready to assist you with all your questions, let's connect.