Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Cote d'Ivoire

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Cote d'Ivoire

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Cfa Franc Bceao
Capital
Yamoussoukro
Ease of doing business
Language
English
Population
26378274
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in

Cote d'Ivoire

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Cote d'Ivoire

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Cote d'Ivoire

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

The Ivory Coast, also known as Côte d'Ivoire, and formally known as the Republic of Côte d'Ivoire, is a country on the west African coast. Yamoussoukro, in the country's center, serves as the country's political capital, while Abidjan, the country's economic capital and largest city, serves as the country's economic capital and largest city. It is bordered on the northwest by Guinea, on the west by Liberia, on the northwest by Mali, on the northeast by Burkina Faso, on the east by Ghana, and on the south by the Gulf of Guinea. The official language of the republic is French, but local indigenous languages such as Baoulé, Dioula, Dan, Anyin, and Cebaara Senufo are also commonly spoken. In Ivory Coast, there are approximately 78 different languages spoken. Christianity, Islam, and various indigenous religions all have significant populations in the region. Ivory Coast was home to many states before European colonization, including Gyaaman, the Kong Empire, and Baoulé. During the European scramble for Africa, the region became a French protectorate in 1843 and was consolidated as a French colony in 1893. It gained independence in 1960 under the leadership of Félix Houphout-Boigny, who ruled until 1993. Ivory Coast, which is relatively stable by regional standards, developed close political and economic ties with its West African neighbors while also maintaining close ties with the West, especially France. A coup d'état occurred in Ivory Coast in 1999, followed by two civil wars, the first from 2002 to 2007 and the second from 2010 to 2011. Ivory Coast is a republic with strong executive authority vested in its president. It adopted a new constitution in 2000. During the 1960s and 1970s, the country was an economic powerhouse in West Africa thanks to the development of coffee and cocoa, though it experienced an economic crisis in the 1980s, leading to a time of political and social turmoil. The gross domestic product did not return to its 1970s high until about 2014. The Ivorian economy has been largely market-based in the twenty-first century, and it continues to rely heavily on agriculture, with smallholder cash-crop production dominating.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Public holidays

Sick days

Maternity leave

Paternity leave

Parental leave

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Fixed-term contracts may be canceled prior to the end of the agreed period only in the event of force majeure, mutual consent, or grave misbehavior on the side of either party. After six months of employment, employees may cancel indefinite contracts. Employers may cancel indefinite contracts at any moment for a legitimate reason. Employers must warn employees in writing and adhere to the notice periods specified under employment law, which vary according to pay grade and occupation.

Notice period

Depending on whether the employee is paid monthly or more frequently, the required notice period varies (hourly, daily, weekly, or bi-weekly). Depending on the length of employment, monthly paid employees often have a notice period of one to four months. Employees who work hourly, daily, weekly, or biweekly are usually required to give notice for eight to four months, depending on their duration of service.

Severance pay

In Cote d'Ivoire, severance pay is determined by the length of the employee's employment with the company. Severance pay is 30% of the monthly wage for the first five years of work. For six to ten years of service, severance pay is 35% of the monthly earnings. For employees with more than ten years of service, severance pay is 40% of the monthly wage.

Probation period

Probation periods differ by the type of employee. For hourly employees, the probation period is eight days. For monthly paid workers, the probation period is one month. For supervisors, technicians, and jobs of the same nature, the probation period is two months. For engineers, managers, high-level technicians, and jobs of the same nature, the probation period is three months.

07. Working hours

General

In general, Côte d'Ivoire operates on a 40-hour work week comprised of five eight-hour days or six days with 6 hours and 40 minutes of work.


Due to the intermittent nature of certain endeavors and occupations, a higher number of hours is established as equivalent to 40 hours.


Equivalents range from 40-44 hours in non-agricultural jobs to 48-52 hours in agricultural jobs and 56 hours for guards and domestic staff.


Permanent exceptions to the standard weekly work hours apply to the following categories of workers: mechanics, electricians, and drivers; workers and employees engaged in the entertainment and cleaning of machinery and work tools; and team leader or specialized worker whose presence is required. Except for personnel engaged in surveillance or fire suppression, derogations cannot exceed two hours per day.

Overtime

In general, overtime work is limited to three hours per day, fifteen hours per week, and seventy-five hours per year. Compensation for the 41st to the 46th hour of work will increase by 15%. Compensation increases by 50% after 46 hours of work.


Night work or day work on Sundays and public holidays is compensated at 75%. Additionally, night work on Sundays and public holidays should be increased by 100%.


Temporary deviations from daily work hours are permitted to make up for lost time due to accident, force majeure, such as a shortage of raw materials or a lack of means of transport, or for urgent and exceptional work, such as the need for a team leader in the event of his/her unexpected absence.


Workers have the option of working overtime or not. Any agreement that fixes wages through forfeiture, regardless of the number of weekly overtime hours worked, is null and void.

08. Minimum wage

General

The compensation laws of Côte d'Ivoire include a minimum wage that varies by occupation. The minimum wage was last increased in 1994, and the lowest monthly rate is 36,607 CFA francs for industrial workers. Construction workers earn slightly more, and collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) may also affect the wages you must pay employees.


Employers are required by the Ivory Coast's Labor Code to pay employees directly or indirectly in cash or in kind. Employees who work 40 hours per week should be compensated 12 times a year, or once a month.

09. Employee benefits

General

In February 2015, Côte d'Ivoire began enrolling its residents in a universal health care system. The program's objective is for all citizens aged 5 and above to pay 1,000 CFA francs each month for low-cost treatment.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Cote d'Ivoire

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Cote d'Ivoire

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Cote d'Ivoire

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Cote d'Ivoire

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Cote d'Ivoire

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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