Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in

Cameroon

Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for

Cameroon

01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Currency
Cfa Franc Beac
Capital
Yaounde
Ease of doing business
46.1
Language
French
Population
26545863
GDP growth
3.55%

02. Grow your team in

Cameroon

with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in

Cameroon

, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in

Cameroon

effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Cameroon is a country in west-central Africa, formally known as the Republic of Cameroon. Nigeria is on the west and north; Chad is on the northeast; the Central African Republic is on the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of Congo are on the south. The Bight of Biafra, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean, is its coastline. Due to its strategic location at the crossroads of West and Central Africa, the country is sometimes referred to as West African and other times as Central African. The Sao civilization around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest were among the first inhabitants of the region, which speak 250 native languages. In the 15th century, Portuguese explorers arrived on the coast and called the region Rio dos Camares, which became Cameroon in English. In the nineteenth century, Fulani soldiers established the Adamawa Emirate in the north, and various ethnic groups in the west and northwest established influential chiefdoms and fondoms. In 1884, Cameroon was renamed Kamerun and became a German colony. As a result of League of Nations mandates, it was split between France and the United Kingdom after World War I. The Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) was a pro-independence political group that was banned by France in the 1950s, resulting in the Bamileke War, which lasted until early 1971 and was fought between French and UPC militant powers. President Ahmadou Ahidjo led the French-administered portion of Cameroon to independence in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroun. In 1961, it federated with the southern part of British Cameroons to create the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, the federation was disbanded. In 1972, the nation was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon, and in 1984, it was renamed the Republic of Cameroon. The current president, Paul Biya, has been in office since 1982; he previously served as Prime Minister from 1975 to 1982. Cameroon is governed by a presidential unitary republic. Cameroon's official languages are French and English, which are both the official languages of former French and British Cameroons. Its religious community is mostly Christian, with a small minority of Muslims and others adhering to traditional religions. It has faced opposition from English-speaking regions, where lawmakers have called for further decentralisation, if not full secession or independence. Tensions over the establishment of an Ambazonian state in English-speaking territories reached a breaking point in 2017. Subsistence farming is practiced by a large number of Cameroonians. Because of its geographical, linguistic, and cultural diversity, the nation is sometimes referred to as "Africa in miniature." Beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas are among the country's natural features. Mount Cameroon in the Southwest Region is the highest point at almost 4,100 meters.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

Employees get 1.5 days of paid sick time for every month served, with an additional two days following five years of employment.Employees are therefore entitled to ten days of paid time off during family activities. For any child under the age of six, female employers are entitled to two days of paid leave.

Public holidays

New Year’s DayYouth DayGood FridayLabor DayAscension DayNational DayAssumption of MaryEid al-AdhaEid-a-FitrProphet’s BirthdayChristmas Day

Sick days

Employees are entitled to five days of paid maternity time each year, and employees are liable for medical expenses if an employee is injured on the job.

Maternity leave

Female workers are entitled to 14 weeks of maternity leave, beginning four weeks before the due date, covered by the CNPS. In the case of a medical emergency, this will be prolonged by six weeks. Maternity leave starts four weeks prior to the due date of the baby's arrival. If the time of confinement occurs after the due date, the maternity leave will resume in full once the period of confinement starts. The expectant mother's regular rate of pay is compensated after maternity leave by social security. Vaccinations, diet, and medical consultations are also covered by the CNPS for children under the age of two.For up to 15 months after the pregnancy, the mother is entitled to breastfeeding breaks of up to an hour a day.

Paternity leave

Paternity leave will be taken from the 10 days of voluntary paid parental leave available to fathers.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms for maternity and paternity leaves, there are no provisions in the Cameroon law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Employers have the authority to terminate workers when a fixed-term contract expires, when particular job is completed, for misbehavior, economic reasons, or for fair cause.

Notice period

The notice period is determined by the Minister of Labor. During the notice period, the employee is permitted to take one day off every week to look for work. Severance pay is paid to employees who have worked for the company for two years or more, as defined by the Ministry of Labor.

Severance pay

Severance pay is normally available to employees who have worked for at least two years. The amount of pay is established by the Minister responsible for Labour.

Probation period

The probation period is capped at six months for employees and eight months for managers. Fixed-term contracts are capped at 24 months and can be extended once and can only be terminated for gross misconduct and mutual consent.

07. Working hours

General

A 40-hour workweek is considered standard. Night work occurs between the hours of 10 p.m. and 6 a.m., with a 12-hour rest period in between each night of work. Female employees and children are not permitted to work at night, unless they are executives or work in fields other than manual labor.

Overtime

In Cameroon, employees are permitted to work up to 20 hours of overtime per week. Overtime pay should not be less than 125% of the regular rate of pay.

08. Minimum wage

General

The minimum wage in Cameroon is currently 36,270 CFA francs, or approximately 55 EUR. Unless your industry is governed by a collective bargaining agreement (CBA), this minimum wage applies to all sectors. While CBAs are not common in Cameroon, employers should check for any that may impact Cameroon's compensation laws prior to drafting an employment contract.

09. Employee benefits

General

Cameroon had community-based health insurance in 2012, especially for the poor. Cameroon is aiming toward a universal healthcare system, however private healthcare insurance is available.

Cameroon's primary healthcare provider is the government. Employees are required to enroll in a private health insurance plan. Employers are not obligated by law to provide health insurance to their employees.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in

Cameroon

to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in

Cameroon

has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into

Cameroon

simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in

Cameroon

give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in

Cameroon

via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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