Guide to employment, payroll and benefits in


Rivermate offers complete payroll, benefits and compliance services for


01. Overview

Last updated: 

August 19, 2021

Cfa Franc Bceao
Ease of doing business
GDP growth

02. Grow your team in


with Rivermate

Payroll, benefits, taxes, and compliance can be difficult to manage in


, particularly if you don't have established local relationships. You can hire employees in


effectively, conveniently, and in full compliance with all relevant labor laws using Rivermate's global employment solution. We handle the responsibilities and legal risks associated with foreign employment so you can concentrate on growing your company.

03. Summary

Benin is a country in West Africa that is officially known as the Republic of Benin. Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east are its neighbors. The majority of the population lives on the small southern coast of the Bight of Benin, which is part of the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean's northernmost tropical region. Benin's capital is Porto-Novo, but the government is headquartered in Cotonou, the country's largest city and economic center. Benin has a land area of 114,763 square kilometers and a population of approximately 11.49 million people in 2018. Benin is a tropical country that is heavily reliant on agriculture and exports cotton and palm oil. Subsistence farming provides significant jobs and revenue. The official language of Benin is French, but many indigenous languages such as Fon, Bariba, Yoruba, and Dendi are also widely spoken. Roman Catholicism is the most common religion in Benin, followed by Islam, Vodun, and Protestantism. Benin is a member of the United Nations, African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Organization of Islamic Cooperation, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, La Francophonie, Community of Sahel–Saharan States, African Petroleum Producers Association, and Niger Basin Authority. The Kingdom of Dahomey, along with the city-state of Porto-Novo and a wide region to the north, were the major political forces in the area from the 17th to the 19th centuries. Because of the large number of enslaved people who were transported to the New World during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade, this area was dubbed the Slave Coast as early as the 17th century. After abolition of slavery, France took control of the country and called it French Dahomey. Dahomey achieved full independence from France in 1960. Since then, the independent state has seen several different democratic regimes, military coups, and military governments. Between 1975 and 1990, the People's Republic of Benin was a Marxist–Leninist regime. It was succeeded by the new multi-party Republic of Benin in 1991.

04. Public holidays

05. Types of leave

Paid time off

After a year of employment, employees are entitled to two working days off every month. Employees who have worked for the company for 20 years are entitled to an additional two days of vacation every year. After 25 years of service, they are entitled to an additional four days of vacation, and after 30 years of service, they are entitled to an additional six days of vacation. Employees can select when they want to go on vacation, but they must take 14 days in a row.

Public holidays

New Year’s DayTraditional DayEasterEaster Monday/Dyngus DayWorkers DayAscension of JesusEid ul-FitrWhit MondayEid al-AdhaIndependence DayAssumption of the Blessed Virgin MaryMauloud (Birth of the Prophet)Armed Forces DayAll Saints DayNational DayChristmas Day

Sick days

With less than a year of employment, employees are entitled to one month of sick leave. After one year of service, those with TB, mental disorders, AIDS, cancer, central nervous system ailments, and leprosy are entitled to six months of fully compensated leave.Employees' contracts are protected while they are sick, but if they are found unfit for work after their sick leave ends, they may be fired.

Maternity leave

Female employees are entitled to 14 weeks of paid leave, six weeks of which must be taken prior to the due date. The employer and social security share the costs evenly.During pregnancy and maternity leave, female employees are safeguarded, and they are not permitted to work in hazardous conditions.

Paternity leave

Paternity leave normally lasts three days and is compensated.

Parental leave

Other than the already mentioned terms for maternity and paternity leaves, there are no other provisions in the Benin law regarding parental leave.

Other leave

06. Employment termination

Termination process

Contracts of employment must be canceled in writing, but employers must show justification. Employees may defend themselves, and if the dismissal is deemed to be unjust, the labor court may give the employee compensation if they have served one year.

Notice period

The notice period is 15 days for hourly paid employees. Employees have a right to one month's pay, whereas supervisors and managers have a right to three months' pay.

Severance pay

Severance pay is an entitlement for employees. The amount varies according to the length of service. Severance pay is 30% of the average monthly salary for the first five years of employment. Severance pay is 35 percent of the average monthly salary for six to ten years of service. Severance pay is 40% of the average monthly salary for employees with more than ten years of service. In general, an employee who is terminated for gross negligence is not entitled to severance pay.

Probation period

Typically, probation lasts up to three months. There is no statutory limit on the number or duration of renewals.

07. Working hours


The workweek is usually for 40 hours on six-day workweek. In Benin, employment is usually organized from 8:00 A.M. to 12:30 P.M. and from 3:30 P.M. to 7:00 P.M. on Monday to Friday; and from 9:00 A.M. to 1:00 P.M. on Saturdays. At least 24 hours of rest per week is provided to employees, usually on a Sunday.


The maximum length of overtime work an employee can render in a week is 56 hours. Overtime work is paid at 112 percent of the normal hourly rate for the 41st to the 48th hour of work, and 135 percent of the normal hourly rate for work beyond the 48th hour.

08. Minimum wage


Monthly wages for all workers in Benin must be at least 40,000 West African CFA francs. While there are few prominent trade unions or collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) in the country, these agreements may have their own set of laws that you must follow.

Bonuses frequently include a 13th or 14th month pay strategy.

09. Employee benefits


Benin is currently working toward a more comprehensive universal health care scheme. It does, however, have a working healthcare system for both public and private companies.

10. Why Rivermate as your Employer of Record / PEO?

Establishing an entity in


to hire a team takes time, money, and effort. The labor law in


has strong worker employment protection, requiring great attention to details and a thorough awareness of local best practices. Rivermate makes expanding into


simple and effortless. We can assist you with hiring your preferred talent, managing HR and payroll, and ensuring compliance with local legislation without the hassle of establishing a foreign branch office or subsidiary. Our PEO and Global Employer of Record solutions in


give you peace of mind so you can focus on running your business.

Please contact us if you'd like to learn more about how Rivermate can help you hire employees in


via our Employer of Record / PEO solution.

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